INTRODUCING THE CHAMPA TOWERS
Most of the towers were built almost identical to Champa temples in India, Ăngkor (Cambodia) is located on the high mountains, surrounded by hills, sheltered, protected by the natural rugged stronghold (between the hills are valleys, rivers, streams, …). Champa temples usually stand alone (Swallow Tower, the Tower Its Friendly) or built in clusters (Sanctuary). Each cluster consists of a main temple (Kalan), there are small temples around or extra work. The main temple (usually located between a cluster of temples) represents Mount Meru-Center of the universe-is the convergence of God should be worshiped a Linga symbol of the God Siva. The remaining temples have other functions as the gateway tower (the Tower of Dong Duong), there are two interconnecting doors East-West, Temple (Temple) worshipped the God of the sky, direction works as standard equipment make things before the ceremony or the warehouse stored. .. The boat-shaped roof usually had side Tower inverted roofing tile or tile mosaics, (extra Tower in the Tower of cake, Fried Forums). Characteristics of the temples usually have no Windows, if the tower would have Windows then it is extra work. The temples are usually pretty nail base reinforced with layers of sand, pebbles, stone. The walls, the roof is the bricks and the decorative details of sandstone is folded snugly together, don't see the grout in between. Despite the very harsh weather, but thousands of years that this stuff works do not compress, cracked or broken (only to collapse due to human-war, destruction …), no moss-covered plaque on the wall of the Tower (while the new brick wall piece was restored at the end of the Decade had been 20 Moss clinging). Until now I still don't have the research would determine the correct adhesive between bricks or stone details. Lueba (1923) that people have used the telescope's up rustic brick furnace the entire Tower. According to the NGO van (1978), the mortar is the Cactus mixed with sugar cane honey. Tran Ky Phuong (1980) is that it is the SAP oil giant Otter. Or be built with mortar of clay and then baked again (Awawrzenczak and Skibinski, 1987). There is also evidence for the tower was built by grinding and folded snugly brick (short grinding) grinding or folded part shell and mortar is used, powdered baked brick tower built as were mixed with water creates. Besides using the SAP, people also use viscosity of the leaves: the entire box, Litsea, hibiscus. The comments above are correct but not part of the opinion would be about archaeology. A tower is usually structured in three parts: God, the trunk and the roof. According to the concept of health, the Tower symbolizes the mundane world Empire; the torso of the Tower symbolizes the spiritual world, where people erase dust ceiling, to escape contact with the ancestors and the gods; the Tower's roof also symbolizes divine world. Empire Tower: often built on the square or rectangular, brick or slate to (the Tower B1 in the sanctuary). Is decorated motif pattern, the animals who prayed in the small stand, face monsters (Kali), aquatic monsters (Makara) or the dancer, the musician … Relative: often complete graft with bricks, walls are very thick (the thickness often on British colonial 1 meters), height in each different temples. Doors, cylinder head bowl of stone. The exterior of the fuselage of the tower are decorated very diverse: head pressure wall, false door usually has a soft, arcade inside the dome and then touches the bench decoration, often seen as the figure who stands hand-pieced together a prayer into the glass. Most temples have the main door direction (the direction of the Thunder God Indra). Some of the temple has the main entrance to the West or more gates to the West (the direction in which the Kings of Champa often choose for themselves when leaving the earthly realms to on the high bar). The inside of the wall to smooth, in the main temple there is usually some boxes on the walls where the lights. Space in cramped Temple, the lack of light. A radio icon worship the God Siva (Linga) placed between the background, occupying most of the area and only a narrow way around to ceremony. The tower roof: usually are composed of many stories, as high up as possible to narrow. In many temples, the upper deck is usually the full simulation of the structure of the door, the details are as below. The decorative motif is very diverse: riding animals, statues of gods in Hinduism as: birds, geese, cows, elephants, lion … the Entasis, column cladding or pattern. In the corners there are usually small Tower model or extra ornament of stone or brick. The side Tower, often the boat over, the decorations are not required. Roof comes in two forms, sharp pyramid-shaped and the boat. Tower peak had materials when a rock mass forming the pyramid or by again. -Based on the art of decorative elements on the Tower, the change of the structure of the architecture, the appearance or losing of the decorative motif combined with relevant documents such as the beer sign, a … that the researchers have divided the art deco towers of the different styles and outlines the development process correspond to the historical period. -H. Parmentier just based on the shape of the structure just based on a motif decorate the Tower split into two phases: phase I + V century to the X century, consists of 3 stages with 3 style: primitive art (art primitif), art (art cubique) and mixed art (art mixte). + Stage II from the XI to XVII century consisting of three stages with 3 style: Visual Arts Tower (art pyramidal) (X-XII century), classical art (art classique) (XII-XIV), art (art de'rivé) (XIV-XVII). -L. Finot is based on materials of the beer Tower, historical data (mainly the King of Champa dynasty) has raised 4 style: style Cambhuvarman (V-VI century), cáchPrakacadharma (VI-IX), Harivarman style I (X-XI century), Harivarman style II (XI-XIII century). -Ph. Stern has analyzed the architectural elements of the 8 towers is the Arch of the door (réature), wall racks or tendons (pilastre), strip (frise), small columns (colonnette), wall or roof top ledges (corniche), the corner point (pièces d'accent), textures, decorative corners (amorisements d'angle), mi (linteau). Along with the continuous development of the style (special importance to transition between the style), he raised the artistic style: 6 + my son E1 style (VIII century), my son Tower E1, with steps forward is Phu towers Comedies. + Future Republic style (first half of IX century), the Tower of Peace, Passion, Polo America painted in F1. Forwards include the US paint the C7, C12, C13, … + styles (second half of IX century), Asghar, Son Dong A10, A11. Forwards: American Son, Khuong B2, … + my son A1 style (X century), my son A1, A2, C1, C2, B3, B5, D1, D4, Chinese, … Pô Nagar onward, the Chief Justice, the average Forest, Sheep flock. + Style Pacifying (the XII-XIII), the Tower of silver, Ivory Tower, Hung Thanh Son, G1, H, K, … Forward is Pacified, the seat, the Tower, the Tower of gold. + Late style (XIV-XVII centuries), the typical Polo Polo, Rôme, Garai Krong South Tower Pô Nagar, Yang Mun, Yang Prong, Tran Ky Phuong …-take from the Statham Tower combined with the other resources already put 7 Tower Champa art style: my son E1 style (beginning of VIII century to beginning of the century IX) , Hybrid Republic style (first half of IX century), styles (between the century IX to X century), my son A1 style (X century), the style of Pô Nagar (XI century), Pacified style (century XII to XIV century), Late style (TK XIV to XVII. TK). -Le Tuan Anh then based on artistic characteristic to separate into 6 styles: my son E1 style (old style) (built in the first half of the century VIII), Hybrid Republic style (first half of IX century), styles (between the century IX to X century), my son A1 style (built in the X century) style, Pô Nagar (XI century building), Binh Dinh style and Late style (building the century XII-XIII) (Le Tuan Anh, 2004:188-199). In the above classification, classification of Champa Tower style Ph. Sern is about archeology agreed and appreciated. The Division into Champa Tower art style is extremely important but also very difficult, because most of the tower was remodelled many times over, even the tower was rebuilt on the old Tower (the Tower Swallows), many of the old materials are used again during the restoration but also when to use new materials. Many of the ruins of the towers but toppled, but the base, the nail, map, kến materials, the reliefs, the hidden decoration contains much valuable material should be studied carefully. According to the "ancient Champa culture", the total number of towers on the territory of Champa Vietnam nowadays is Tower 119. Some of the towers have collapsed, is now the ruins, some others are repeatedly restored. The towers are distributed into 3 main types of terrain: the mountains (from the Ngang pass back in), the Highlands (Plateau) and the coastal region. The Cham towers are typical mainly distributed in 5 geographical subregions (in 5 major ancient Champa States-from North to South by the territory of Vietnam): + Indrapura-Binh Tri Thien Binh, Quang Tri, Thua Thien (Geography, Major Dad, Ma Linh immemorial) towers of America Unveiling. + Amaravati-Quang Nam, Quang Ngai province include paint, Sanctuary tower by An American, and Lee, Yang, fried. + Viyaja-Binh Dinh, Phu Yen, Binh Lam Tower, the Tower consists of Little Wing, First Gear, Loc, Hung Thanh district, the Friendly, positive Long (); the Tower Swallows (Phu Yen). + Kauthara-Khanh Hoa had Pô Nagar. + Panduranga-Ninh Thuan, Binh Thuan Hoa Tower include Lai, Pô Rôme, Pô Krong Garai (Ninh Thuan); Shanư Polo Towers, Polo (Binh Thuan Province). There is also a tower Yang prong district in Dak Lak. And the other part towers everywhere on the piece of land in Central Vietnam. The CHAM TOWERS are TYPICAL: Son sanctuary Tower Tower Tower Swallow little cake By An Rôme Polo Tower (Tower Late Birth) Lam Thap Vase Tower Tower Tower Copper Prong herd of Sheep Yang Yang Long Ocean Tower Tower Tower of Phu American Qiang Gust (the Tower of Loc) American Towers Tower Wing First Unveiling the Tower Pô (Pô Silkworms) twin towers (Tower Hung Thanh) Tower Thap BA Nha Trang Nagar-Polo Towers Pô Shanư Pô (Tower Tower Garai Krong Phu Comedy Thu Thien Tower by area) distribution of the above, we have: 1. The towers of America Unveiling: located in my Khanh, Phu Land, the only district, Quang Nam province, about 20 km from the city of Huế Southeast. Relic was discovered accidentally, 07/2001. Dating back to the VIII century, is: the towers of ancient Cham towers of my son E1 style. 2. Paint: sanctuary is located in the Valley of the Son, the only the only district, Phu xuyen, Quang Nam province, Da Nang City about 70 km to the Southwest. Cluster relic h. Parmentier discovered 1898. In 1999, my son recognized cultural heritage world. Sector is a complex of unique architecture typical, unique, signature architecture art of many different dynasties, represents all styles, all stages of the history of Champa Tower architecture. 3. Tower by An: In the village By An Electrical, civil, Quang Nam Da Nang City, approximately 30 km to the South. Built in the tenth century. 4. Qiang Qiang village In America: Tower of America, Spring Mountain district, Thanh Tam commune, Quang Nam province, a town of Tam KY 2 km to the South. Built around the beginning of X century in the style of Khuong. 5. Copper Tower In the village of Dong Yang: Yang, Binh Dinh, Quang Nam province district, Da Nang City 65 km southwest of King Indravarman II. be built in the middle of the capital to Indrapura 877 Laksmindora is Lesvara. There is a combination of receptive Bàlamôn religion and Buddhism. Dong Duong is the Imperial Palace, Temple, shrine, Buddhist gods. 6. The Tower In the village Sheep Flock: Flock of Sheep, Tan An town, the town of Tam KY, Quang Ngai province, Da Nang City, about 60 km to the South. Built in the XI century. 7. Binh Lam Tower: situated in the neighbourhood of Long Binh Hamlet, Mai Lin, Phuoc Hoa, Tuy Phuoc district, Binh Dinh Province. Which was built in the XI century. 8. The Tower beside a cradle: Little Crackers, Great Loc Hamlet, Phuoc Hiep, Tuy Phuoc district, Binh Dinh Province. Built in tkXI tkXII head-end. Transfer from my son A1 style to the style. 9. Tower Wing: located in the center of the Map, Nhon Hau commune, An Nhon district, Binh Dinh Province. Built at the end of tkXI-head tkXII. Is one of a handful of beautiful towers and intact. The Tower carries Khomer architecture influence. 10. Rich Tower Gust (Loc): In the village of Phuoc loc, Loc QUY Nhon, Binh Dinh Province Township. Built in the XIII century. 11. The twin towers (Hung Thanh): Located in the city of Quy Nhon, Binh Dinh Province. Built in the XIII century. The influence of real Khmer art XII century. 12. Its Tower is located in the village: the seat, Binh Nghi, Tay son district, Binh Dinh Province. Built in the XII century. 13. LongNằm in the Ocean Tower Ocean Long mound, Tay, the Tay son district, Binh Dinh Province. Built in XIII century. 14. The Tower Swallows: located near the city centre of Tuy Hoa, Phu Yen province. Built in the twelfth century. In the transitional period between the American style of Painting of the A1 and the style. 15. The Tower of Pô Nagar (Thap BA Nha Trang): located at the fringes of the national lộ1, 4 km from the city of Nha Trang to the North was built around the beginning of the century IX to XII century. This is to worship Siva of Bàlamôn, later became mother Country-Kingdom of Champa's Ra Pô Nagar. 16. Republic Tower: cradle of roadside village, Located Three towers, Tan Hai, Ninh Hai district, Ninh Thuan Province., built in the century IX. The Peace Tower is remaining Hybrid architectural work on the type of beautiful and most ancient Champa. The Tower has a Linga-Yoni (next 50 cm) with 30 cm high wall covering pattern, the female Genius, who sit and hand pieced together the picture Gajasimha, kala, nagar … was made for the turrets add value art. 17. Polo Towers Krong Garai (Po Klaong Girai): located on the Hill of Ward, in the Comune of betel, Phan Rang City Centre (Ninh Thuan) about 7 km to the Northwest. Built in the XIV century. The tower was named after King was worshipped here that Vietnamese history books called Che. Po Klaong Girai was assimilated with the God Siva, expressing the God-worshipping King of Champa tkXIV. 18. Rômê Polo Tower (late Delivery): In Phu Ninh Phuoc district, Ninh Thuan Province. Built in the XVII century in the style of late. The brick Tower is the last of the Cham people. The Tower of the shrine of the King Pô Rômê (carved on the stone plate shape on the roof of the Tower). The King was Siva has eight arms to sit between 2 cows spirit Nadin. 19. The Tower Shanư Pô (Phu Comedy): situated on the Hill of Her Complaint, the villages of Phu Phan Thiet city, 7 km to the Northeast. Built into the century IX, is the southernmost of the Kingdom of Champa. Cubes and the simple decor, little sculptures, whose proximity to the Tower type Khomer Chenla period. 20. Polo Towers: located on the slopes of the mountain, in the village of Siamese Though He commune, Tuy Phong, Binh Thuan. Built into the century IX. In the style of Hòa Lai. 21. The tower is located on the River: Prong Yang Ea, Ea Township Rok, district, Dak Lak Province Was built by King SimhavarmanIII. at the end of XIII century. The East Tower is attached to a stem (()). The culture, the art in the era of a people is the embodiment of the history of the nation, is also a part of ABB recede. People need to look back at his past and others. It's like a mirror, look at that one finds to be history, saw its cloning, cloned or not, in a culture, the arts, and from there to recognize the beauty of popularity, which a human though in time would, in any culture, can also be the receptor. The WING FIRST TOWER typical champa Tower the Tower Wing, a tower has gone nearly nine centuries dew style that still drive the same splendor. According to the, the Map Table by the King of Champa N Japan built century Festival X, while the wing First tower was built in the XII century, under King Che man (Jaya Sinbavarman III) Wing First Tower also known as the tower is a Tower located in the middle of the map table old , now in Nhon Hau commune, an Nhon town, Binh Dinh Province. The wing first Tower located atop a low Hill in the countryside South of Nhon Hau commune, Tan, an Nhon town. Among the remaining Champa ancient tower in Binh Dinh Province, the wing First Tower is not only one of the intact architecture, but also in the inflorescence towers at least seen in the architectural history of Champa, the temple has only one Tower, although only a single Tower the bilateral shape, the structure of the Wing First Tower didn't square towers with multi-storey brick on large type of Champa, the high tower near 20 meters. The wing First Tower is one of the ways of settling thuộcphong Tower, showing up with a monumental architecture with the large mass impress from afar: the column, the vertical frame on the wall between the tangent column emerged as the large array of energetic, the false door arches soaring as high up as the Kingdom of giant spear the decorative corner turrets, the roll back into the chunky blocks, slabs decorated the wall angle the top of the flower leaves jutting out like the powerful tiênNhư all other traditional towers, the tower structure consists of two parts: the vestibule and the shrine, now the whole structure of the lobby were loose from long ago , the outer body wall of the tower is decorated with decorative columns and vertical frames jutting sharply out of the wall, one of the most exotic thing in the Tower Wing is again part of tangent column wall angle be paving slabs sealed with sandstone color flower carved twisted wire available credit and the angle of the tower roofs are also frills made of stone-a unique phenomenon in the architectural history of the tower to take PaHiện date but has damaged a part, the song can still recognize the structure and form of the rather special Tower of the wing First Tower, every fake doors has three floors shrink towards the top and each floor has two wings, the floors of the false door has a two-part structure tangent space: the two forms below and visit box ogival sides trênTại the four corners of each floor of the Tower, the Tower Wing angle decorative stone Phoenix tail shape and protrudes at the top of the retaining wall column quite intact, should look into remote Wing First tower looks like a giant torch sparkling shine. From far, we have seen the role of the key tower off the air thin white rock pieces like flexible girl hand flip up in the dances. Perhaps the name of the tower was suggested from the wings, like most great southern President releases Description: "An ancient tower in the Southern villages of Southern District Xiangyun in the Map table, coral Tower Wing is the First procedure. From the shoulders up, the four towers look like wings first flight should call her name. Consider both the Tower, this tower higher than the single, standing far sighted the u bar views, from ancient relics, as far as the fall times canker ". While the French researchers dubbed way, has called the Wing First Tower is a bronze Tower (Tour de Cuvre). The Tower Wing was brick red large Indigo and sandstone. According to the experts, the rate used in the Tower Wing First stone than the other Tower in Binh Dinh. Such firepower since the tower is the overall architecture of Imperial Citadel Map old Desk, sandstone material just opinion established sustainability in texture, just used in sculpture created for aesthetic effect. Empire Square Tower bridges forming a map of 400 m 2 on the ground. The large stone blocks and columns corner bunch parallel tiles create embossed on each wall looks real strong. The East wall of the North Tower hull parents have vaulted door, but only the main door to the East is the truth, the rest are three doors. The domed contour door moulding, high door jutted out powerful, above the door arch and slightly pointed, curved at the top, with concentric layers stacking pattern plate, the Lotus-shaped blooms. Inside the Tower, in each window are fake or carved paintings are very beautiful, very sorry that today no longer. In the documentary records of the Binh Dinh Province of Champa Tower, the tour the French Ch. Lemire was described: "on every door inside a wall picture tendonitis, it withheld a statue of a woman floating semi-submersible half busts, heads a team of very hat, a Lotus Flower". The statue was probably being opaque retrieved later, such as the one up the wall to grab the stone carving picture attached or sculpt on that. Only the top of the aquatic Monster Makara, long sharp fangs, exquisite carvings on the rock face at least many radiating light Paranormal Horror things overwhelmed is common in the works of religion, The tangent angle column Champa sandstone monolith with vertical lines prints featured on the subtle coloring of tiles medium Tower, making Majesty just luxury. On the square stone columns in the four corners of the tower is the leading running sugar folded pedestal lamps scintillating, jutting out a tier three, eventually forming the platform firmly brushed of the corner tower above. From the leading up to the Summit of the eight remaining false Tower class divided into three floors. Especially the top currency must be back, as a deliberate full twist of the talent of the artist. And indeed, when the visibility is changed, the human eye was sucked by the tower roof as just out from mythology, as small as possible upward gradually sight identical messages without even boring. With characteristic convex appearance, each tower roof structure but simpler than the mother Tower body. The Phoenix-tail-shaped rocks protruding from the edge of the roof angle tangent column is unique of this architecture. That's the "wings" magic increases the beauty of the soaring rate of neck frill and roof. In the Tower Wing, the dual with the Byzantines signature power of the base of the tower is the elegant characteristic of the arches and the top, dual with powerful penetrating strictly where the statue is playful sense of the Phoenix-tailed rock band all blend into an architectural language of extreme Super escape in a human eye. The beauty of relief Wing turrets caused First playful contrast with the heavy bass quality Champa Tower President u, it allows people to think to a symbol of happiness and the joy of life rather than a religious works. Consider both the Tower, this tower higher than the single, standing far sighted the u bar views, from ancient relics, as far as the fall times canker ". While the French researchers dubbed way, has called the Wing First Tower is a bronze Tower (Tour de Cuvre). From far, we have seen the role of the key tower off the air thin white rock pieces like flexible girl hand flip up in the dances. Perhaps the name of the tower was suggested from the wings, like most great southern President releases Description: "An ancient tower in the Southern villages of Southern District Xiangyun in the Map table, coral Tower Wing is the First procedure. From the shoulders up, the four towers look like wings first flight should call her name. Consider both the Tower, this tower higher than the single, standing far sighted the u bar views, from ancient relics, as far as the fall times canker ". While the French researchers dubbed way, has called the Wing First Tower is a bronze Tower (Tour de Cuvre). The Tower Wing was brick red large Indigo and sandstone. According to the experts, the rate used in the Tower Wing First stone than the other Tower in Binh Dinh. Such firepower since the tower is the overall architecture of Imperial Citadel Map old Desk, sandstone material just opinion established sustainability in texture, just used in sculpture created for aesthetic effect. Empire Square Tower bridges forming a map of 400 m 2 on the ground. The large stone blocks and columns corner bunch parallel tiles create embossed on each wall looks real strong. The East wall of the North Tower hull parents have vaulted door, but only the main door to the East is the truth, the rest are three doors. The domed contour door moulding, high door jutted out powerful, above the door arch and slightly pointed, curved at the top, with concentric layers stacking pattern plate, the Lotus-shaped blooms. Inside the Tower, in each window are fake or carved paintings are very beautiful, very sorry that today no longer. In the documentary records of the Binh Dinh Province of Champa Tower, the tour the French Ch. Lemire was described: "on every door inside a wall picture tendonitis, it withheld a statue of a woman floating semi-submersible half busts, heads a team of very hat, a Lotus Flower". The statue was probably being opaque retrieved later, such as the one up the wall to grab the stone carving picture attached or sculpt on that. Only the top of the aquatic Monster Makara, long sharp fangs, exquisite carvings on the rock face at least many radiating light Paranormal Horror things overwhelmed is common in the works of religion, The tangent angle column Champa sandstone monolith with vertical lines prints featured on the subtle coloring of tiles medium Tower, making Majesty just luxury. On the square stone columns in the four corners of the tower is the leading running sugar folded pedestal lamps scintillating, jutting out a tier three, eventually forming the platform firmly brushed of the corner tower above. From the leading up to the Summit of the eight remaining false Tower class divided into three floors. Especially the top currency must be back, as a deliberate full twist of the talent of the artist. And indeed, when the visibility is changed, the human eye was sucked by the tower roof as just out from mythology, as small as possible upward gradually sight identical messages without even boring. With characteristic convex appearance, each tower roof structure but simpler than the mother Tower body. The Phoenix-tail-shaped rocks protruding from the edge of the roof angle tangent column is unique of this architecture. That's the "wings" magic increases the beauty of the soaring rate of neck frill and roof. In the Tower Wing, the dual with the Byzantines signature power of the base of the tower is the elegant characteristic of the arches and the top, dual with powerful penetrating strictly where the statue is playful sense of the Phoenix-tailed rock band all blend into an architectural language of extreme Super escape in a human eye. The beauty of relief Wing turrets caused First playful contrast with the heavy bass quality Champa Tower President u, it allows people to think to a symbol of happiness and the joy of life rather than a religious works. DOUBLE TOWER Double Tower, also known as Hung Thanh Tower is the Tower of champa consists of two tower is the tower north and tower south side by side is currently located in Dong da precinct, Qui Nhon city, Binh ĐịnhTháp restoration experts are back in the 1990s, returned to the throne almost helmeted Tower. The two towers is located on flat land at the foot of a hill and face East, but have the same structure and shape is square and cube-shaped coal Tower on curved surface but the North Tower taller than the traditional namTheo Tower the Tower in ancient Champa clusters usually have three towers , but currently only has two towers, according to the researchers, the third tower construction preparation is the cause not yet known to be made for the construction of a third tower is interrupted. In both there is still of the twin towers, Tower North not only larger, but also higher than less-damaged over, doors to the East Tower were ruined long ago, only the rectangular door frame created by four large stones is left. The South Tower had the shape, structure and decoration of the Northern Tower-like but smaller and a little lower, the entire wall towers were severely dilapidated, so hard to realize the shape at the beginning of how this structure, now both are lost the tip. Both towers in the twin towers were not much traditional floor Square Tower of Champa, which is a structure consisting of two main parts: a block of coal, and bridges of the top Square Tower-shaped curved surface, so look past the twin towers have the look of the Khmer Angkor-era Temple of Vat, according to the researchers the bird God Garuda by stone with two hands high decorative corners, towers, are the product of powerful influence of Khmer art 12-13 century, but the entire lower part of the fuselage and Hung Thanh Tower remains the shape, structure and characteristic décor of these towers Take the tradition: block the square fuselage, the wall outside is decorated with false doors decorative columns, and the face is in between the columns, in the Tower Hung Thanh district, above the false door arch soaring high up into the nose break smooth tiles, columns. The North Tower, the entire wall of the tower are large sand boulders by the bundle represents a giant shower stations help the entire Tower, between the Lotus petals is the elephant, lion and the figure who dances, such as the other traditional early Care Tower wall above the North Tower also protrude to form the roof of large neck frill , but due to the influence of Khmer art, the neck frill of the tower is made of stone and decorated with the image of the monkey dance, the animals are half lion, elephant head and the person sitting there are six and eight hands. The four corners of the roof is the leading four giant stone Garuda bird gods are inscribed in the model of Khmer art style and time of Angkor Vat in the South Tower, though damaged much more than the North Tower, but a couple of the rock is at the accommodated proved ancient towers also have foot stone wall system similar to the tower north , though the damage is more than false door arch, the song the decoration on the floor on top of the tower is similar to the shape of the Tower in Northern Binh Dinh have much Land., Thap Cham towers are scattered in 8 locations in the southern districts of the province, such as clusters of Long Ocean Tower (Tower 3) in the District of Tay son; the little Cake Tower (Tower 4) in Phuoc Tuy Phuoc loc; the Tower of Nhon Hau in the Wings, An Nhon and Phu Cat in a. Private Qui Nhon has twin towers (Tower 2) near the auto Tran Hung DAO, gateway to the city. The twin towers is located in the village of Quy Nhon, Thanh Hung, now in Dong da precinct, city centre and approximately 3 km to the Northwest. Near the twin towers is a double bridge on Highway 19, North River from the lake flows into A dam Son pass Complaint. Wonder why the old people back for "twin": Double Bridge with the twin towers Around the year wrap tangerines as I am with her. The twin towers as well as other Champa Tower in Binh Dinh, is an relic culture and art with the religion of the Cham people. The Tower dates from the XI century to XV century. The tower structure quite nicely, especially the technique honed, docking the telescope up rocks together very firmly. Around the outer walls, the corners and on the roof there are many bas-reliefs carved the statue of the God, according to the beliefs of the very lively. The twin towers a big a small stand adjacent to each other as couples gravitates. The Tower has been a devastating period of war and quite heavily. The assistance of Polish experts and archaeological professionals in the country, the twin towers have been investing billions to restoration. From 1991-1997, the scientific staff and skilled workmen in Quy Nhon has chiseled slipping, created with techniques honed tiles inscribed, docking quite successful, return the original in appearance almost of the tower. The twin towers Quy Nhon is not just a place for historical researchers, Southeast Asian culture, Champa culture work, but also a fascinating tourist attractions in Bình Định. Ocean Tower-the highest in Vietnam-Champa towers Tower Ocean Long Ivory-Tower, also known as a cluster of three towers Take line on a high mound in two Equivalent Binh Hoa commune, Vân Hamlet and An Binh Tay, Chief, Tay son district, Binh Dinh Province, was built in the late twelfth century. This is the most brilliant periods of development of the Champa culture. The cluster consists of three tower Tower: the Tower between the two side towers, 24 m-high 22 m high, the body of the brick Tower, the corners are inset by large boulders elaborately engraving. Calculate the scale of Long Ocean Tower is expressed not only in its height-the highest in the Cham towers left in Vietnam, but also in the unique architecture, especially the pattern, textured carved sculpt directly on the massive stones placed right on top of the tower. The body of the tower built of bricks, the corners are large boulders and the sculptural decorations are made of stone. The door of the Tower turns East and is raised quite high, as long as about 1, 5 m and door frames are the large stone blocks. Half the top part of the tower is almost the large stone blocks stacked very cleverly. In the corners are the large plate with bird spirit animals: Garuda, Eagle, Elephant … The flat surface of the wall is covered with many large leaf-shaped reliefs, described the scene, singing and dancing. These people are shown to have relatively large heads, hats have high Cap. The top of the tower is special here is the great Lotus with many layers of petals slightly upward. Based on the Imperial side by the tower and the art style, many researchers believe that the Ocean Tower Long but still carries many characteristics of the Champa towers but has influenced quite bold of art Kh'mer. From national road 1A, to the mound Gloves, Qui Nhon and Danang city 40 km 270km, turn West on Phu Cat airport, in front of the airport, turn left, go forward as long as 9 km more is to come. The LITTLE CAKE Cake Tower TOWER of at least one of the seven clusters of Binh Dinh on land Tower, a beautiful monuments, and left many of the Tower, unique cultural value in the architecture of Vietnam, established at the end of the century XI to XII century, under the reign of the second King Harivarman IV and v. previously Little Cake Tower is in range of the village Thien Phuoc, Quang Tri, Tuy Phuoc so this tower still bears the name is Tri towers, also little cake Tower also known as Tower Bridge, the Tower of sample Charity Gi Lady, Turks or French Tour d'argent-Silver Tower. At least four Wheel rolling tower was built on a hilly red soils, to high, looks majestic, sublime, transcends the other Tower. The biggest high tops 22 m built in the top of the Hill, look from a distance look like leaves little cake gai. Around the main tower, there are three extra spires, small and low shape than many. In this trio, two tops just like two little sweet cake and a little cake-like salty, are peeling off the ceiling. Each tower is a separate architecture bring different shades, atop each tower has a Siva statue made of stone. The Eastern Gate Tower of approximately 13 m high, built on the map squares, each 7 meters length, material completely by laterite brick. The Tower opens two doors East-West circulation. This is dome-shaped doors with (()) architecture of Cape spear, has more consecutive class soaring upward. North and South sides are two false doors, sealed. The Tower body vertical trench is concave, forming the slot column cladding designs elegant, soaring softly. A southern port as long as 10 m high tower is somewhat like the Eastern Gate Tower architecture and Binh Dinh architecture style: square shaped doors, furniture, hull created the decorative column … Song in the South Gate Tower have the specific characteristics such as four doors. This is a pretty roof Posah architecture in particular, the small roof deck towards on. Each floor has columns in the way between contractions, swells in the ends look like the result of election ban, create separate value relics. The main tower is located on top of the Hill, the average map squares, each measuring 11 m height, has a door in the East and three false doors. This is the main door with architectural Kalan sticking out of the wall to 2 m, the dome shaped door, between the arches of surface reliefs Kala. Neck frill is a dome-shaped reliefs ice monkey God HaNuMan is dance. In the fake door protrudes less, frills, the dome was again created the Gajasimha reliefs (himself the elephant). The main tower body has five vertical column, dual track, just make the walls sturdy, just create elegant designs. The FOD paddled separated relatives are paving and sandstone blocks, tied together into an array. Three three-tiered roof described as relative but smaller towards the top. The roof deck, outside the system column and also the fake door decoration pattern. The first floor, in the South West, lion-shaped carving and decorative Eastern bulls spirit Nadin, North of the Kala face expression look, inside the floor Stone Shrine statue. The main tower not far away, to the South you get a fancy architecture, unique in Binh Dinh. Altitude 10 m Tower, the average map rectangle, length 12 m, a width of 5 m. The main door opens to the East, leads deep into the heart of the Tower, with the door pointing out to the North and South. Especially the roof tower was shaped indentations in the Middle, soaring up in the top two, saddle-like. This tower like Tower in the Tower of Poklongarai populations in Ninh Thuan. The slightly protruding Tower soles compared to the torso of the Tower, built bridges of square forms the gusting platform firmly. Body of the Tower there are reliefs of bird spirit in the two-door jam as both support the upper part of the tower. For the mountain of Cake tower at least have many trãng to width, in about the end of the village of Kim Huynh, head of the village and An loc, Young Style, the great wall of America and is located next to the front line security, the next No. 1 highway, next to the plant number 1214 Qui Nhon way 15 km. In this landscape, the wind cool interesting scenery, greenery, quiet, sweet, aromatic fruit trees in summer, fresh color exposure above the full trãng of the hills. Moreover there are many stones son, like birds, "Bui le" calling for very exotic. The little Cake Tower ruins also converge various architectural traits, is one of the largest temples work rest of the Champa Kingdom being interested researchers. The TOWER by AN address: Smartphone, Mobile, Quang Nam, Vietnam characteristics: Located within the Tower area 4000 m2 wide today only one Tower With An octagonal ground. The structure of the Tower By An be divided into two parts: the vestibule and the shrine. Lobby section is quite long, the doors in the East, on the lobby has 2 side doors (1940 restored back into 2 Windows). Part of the 3 m-high lobby wider road shock by the flaring of building blocks, end with the horizontal ledges around. The lobby includes the vertical wall corners, outline blocks the door makes the crush lobby has cruciform. The upper part of the fuselage as a calyx are created by the shock of sugar building blocks, loe scaling out the four sides. Roof of the lobby is a block of four curving Spire currency towards the top. The entire lobby remains to date quite intact, but that the Summit has scoured and lose the detail releases at the edges. OCEAN TOWER Ocean Tower Pagoda BI Bi, now Painted Tea pagoda (See painting, the only Township the son, Karuna) a bold spiritual imprint of the people living on Earth Enjoy ancient Activities, is now the ruins. He Saved The Coalition said: "for years, travelers in and out of the country heard the temple-Tower Ocean Bi has also found to enjoy, but dissapointed by this architecture almost completely erased". About visiting the pagoda Painted Tea today, you'll find on a high mound behind the temple, there are foundations of old United Kingdom Ian these tiles Take. He Saved The Coalition, as Chief apartments Tea pagoda Painted said: "on this mound, from 1978 onward have a tower to take the same tower by An Electric table-but in a larger scale. In addition, about 50 meters from the Tower in North-South direction 2 also 2 smaller towers with a similar architecture, this small Tower 2 collapsed during the resistance against the French. Also on the temple, there is a very beautiful, the tam to ports in 1978, this port entirely collapsed. In addition, both the clusters of pagoda architecture and this tower is surrounded by a high brick walls Take near an area of about 5,200 m2 with 2 m. Walls also collapsed in 1978, now only a portion of the nail ". According to the description of the local people, Chief Justice of the pagoda towers Ocean Bi (exists in 2005) consisting of 2 blocks of 3, arcade-style roof, coincides thiềm real estate agent; the entire trính columns were made of blue stone smooth balls. Legend Ocean Tower pagoda architecture, Bi is pure Vietnamese. What about Ocean towers, identical tower by An (electric), linga, about 30 meters high, the hexagonal Tower has a diameter of about 20mét. Rotating Tower on the East side, inside the hollow Tower, has an altar (the statue of the God-King-who was lost long ago). On the high mound, from 1978 onward, has a tower named Ocean Health. The temple Tower-architecture clusters exist in the mystery: why a front Tower Take a Vietnamese Temple? The two had architectural era? Said as she saved the Hien, head of MCI district Karuna, red eyes in the search history still not found would talk about pagoda architecture cluster-this tower. Ocean Tower-pagoda architecture cluster Bi consists of 2 main architectures: a Health and a pagoda temples. Construction of the pagoda was unknown at the time, but in 1960, the temple was destroyed, and only the primary zone. , 10.2005, with the reconstruction of the new temple, the Chief Justice also this power was removed. Due to the common efforts of the people of both villages and enjoy the painting and restoration in the Chinese pagodas from 1960 to the present, so the current name of the temple is the Temple of tea (two villages named jigsaw puzzle together). But the original name of the temple is the Temple of the Ocean Tower, by the Temple of an behind the tower to take the name Ocean Bi, this tower collapsed completely in 1978. Ocean Tower Bi is very similar to the Tower By the An. So can "connect" to the corresponding dates of 2 towers. The General review of the Champa: researchers h. Partmentier, p. Stern, Tran Ky Phuong, NGO van Business will have a review: An Ocean Tower and tower by Bi dating "ranged" from the second half of the century IX, when King Indravarman II founded the Champa dynasty of Indrapura (875-982) to the beginning of XIII century , i.e. the beginning of the Vajya dynasty (986-1470). At this stage, due to the influence of Khmer culture, in the architecture of Champa, appears a turret nearly identical with the Prasát of Khmer (the Bayon style), with the architecture above the curved shape rather than stratified. So the Tower By An (and even Ocean Bi) is a typical. He Saved The Coalition, Deputy ban apartments Tea Son pagoda, 10-2005, said: "when demolishing ancient temple to build the new pagoda, in the process of digging foundations, who discovered the two-layer construction nail is located deep underground. First nail classes are arranged by Health, no grout tiles, rectangular, width of 12 metres long, 20.8 meters. The second nail layer piled up layers of the nails, built of stone, limestone mortar Binder ". Obviously, the first nail in the layer of the architecture, have relationships with Ocean Tower architecture. Also the second nail in the class of Vietnamese architecture, built following the architecture of the tower. Can explain about the formation of the first nail class: usual, the sanctuary of the temple Tower any one Take would also include a walls bounded around, having a central tower revolves to the East, can have 2 small towers located either side of the central tower of the North-South axis; front central tower is never ever a lie East-West, for preparing the international map. Ocean Tower Bi pod also has a central tower, two small towers on either side, also surrounded by walls. Also the second nail class is definitely the class Foundation of the complete Tower temple architecture in the Ocean. By, according to his account, this followed cloven layers and layers of nail articulated electric Chief Justice Chua was removed in 2005. Stacking 2 layers of nail Care-free is still a question mark. According to a document of Mr. Nguyen Dinh, Deputy ban apartments Tea, the temple was built of painted temple with paintings of bamboo because residents are the bar-Technology according to the Nguyễn Lords in the South up to the 16TH century. Then came the Lord Nguyen Phuc Chu (1691-1725), a new pagoda was built with stone tiles. But he also said that the Seven had no material basis for sure. Tea Temple Painting "modern" was started from, 10-2005, is still being constructed, the nails are piled up 2 layers of the nails before. As such, the pagoda has 3 layers of nail Paint Tea 3 times, from health to the Vietnamese people and the present. Abbot of pagoda Painted Tea, Germany Liked to leap the wall: "the grieving Temple artifacts stored are stolen. Tower Ocean Bi, ancient temples are also being lifted. Village people Enjoy Painting but nostalgic about towers along this pagoda, but also know they have a long time ago, from the time of Champa… ". About visiting the pagoda Painted Tea now, look at the fucking party Kingdom Champa bricks a temple under construction, those who the descendants who do not please the Chanh long champa … With the TOWER by AN Person who Painted American anthems Festival Tower pants Moss terrible alone I, one Tower of those who want to pay the price by an bao biography plow Moss, dust filled rain sa I got alcohol that unfortunately hurts the residue drops superfluous the previous pitch grass community desire to reclaim light under the grass there crickets Van rẻo life boring worms, b., cups, convergence, concur. When we breed terrible cravings! One is that people don't have two conscience is great new staff ranks dare call the old tower before the legendary or extremely hidden language nobody before born knew his home security by selection of Welfare Division life born what excuse with you tonight the bars do not steep for collapse off sorrow catch stone countertops flurry pair double wine respected professionals the language suffix does not dare Tower wondering just dare enthusiasts look looming shadow Linga in endless time the trumpet sound idyllic southern three original color charge of the tower at its eyes long drink rươụ of that time did not know click between colors of MOSS initiatives not brick outdoor dream listen drops of dried Moss dust … we spin the fan alone raise A tower … more Cup pouring love spilling tan , combines throwing sad steamed the legs you're not old, we're just young Tower battle the childhood wild Dick for five le wine Tower up demanding harsh, pouring off the steep, Thu. General Welding Part of the shrine of Nabi Tower With An octagonal ground there. Look away, the shrine of the three-part segment Security By distinctly, octagonal and pyramidal roof body created by eight curved surface gradually on the phíalồ peak. The shape of the shrine as a giant Linga blocks high near 21 m, while the premises of the entire Tower back evoke images Yoni. Outside the Tower currently two statues of sandstone, the Gajasimha round rattles of the Gajasimha By Security like round rattles of the Gajasimha Chief Highway and fried, fur was unpopular, the pedicures are clearly shown, the short hose and curled up. The Tower By An is one of the surviving ancient Cham towers in Quang Nam province, was built in about the 12th century. With An is considered a large brick sculptures in the history of Champa sculpture and monuments of high value on religious and historical beliefs of the Champa Towers Chief Justice Chief Justice Tower Avenue Highway is a large-scale Champa Tower for which we are known in South Africa Amarravati of the Kingdom of Champa in Quang Ngai province, today. Dating back to the construction of the Tower Chief Highway are many researchers estimate on the X century XI century ruined Tower, ruined by time and has now completely lost the trail. Statement of architect cum French archaeologist H Pramentier on results of excavations conducted by Exposing him to Chief Justice in 1904; After that was widely published in a document named ventare In descriptj des monuments Champ de L ' Annam can help us understand the towers primarily about this precious. Under which the Tower Chief highway is located in the area now the Quang Ngai hospital. The name of the Tower named the village chief of government investment in the route definition, Quang Ngai province at the time of the late 19th century, early 20th century, now located in f. Tran Phu-Ho Chi Minh City. Quang Ngai province. The Tower Chief in a route group constituent Tower: including the central tower, Tower Gateway, and 2 small towers located Southwest and northeast of the central tower. The total area of the tower was excavated is 7,200 m2 (120mx60m) in which the background who have rocked the octagonal tower, a tower architecture the master Take is relatively rare, which is currently the only see in Group Tower by An (electric Table-Quang Nam). Ruined too long before excavation, and so it is difficult to imagine about the architecture of the Tower Group. The discovery 3 was located under the Tower platform in North-South, with Lori central tower in the Middle ch see relationships between groups of Tower Chief tells the group the other Tower is also built into three towers North-South, with the central tower in the Middle shows the relation between groups of Tower Chief tells the group the other Tower is also built into 3 groups according to the Tower North-South axis as: Ocean, fried, Qiang Mx (Quang Nam) and Huailai (Ninh Thuan). in the Group 3 Tower, according to the researchers, giwowfthaps Ste Ward was also the oldest (style) to central tower and North Tower. why the architectural Group 3 South Tower is Tower (rather than the central tower) also built? This is a mystery which up to now have not a scientist would find out. The Tower Chief Highway have octagonal tower, background material on the pyramid as part of the Tower By An (also base-octagonal body) or not? Empire Tower and of course the Tower body Chief Highway have octagonal (like the Tower By An) looks identical to the octagonal columns of the Temple of Buddhist relics in the Dong Duong and the Pô Nagar Tower. So here is the link? This answer difficult questions remain unanswered after the tendon a century Cham Tower research. Yet the special thing worthy of note in the Tower Chief Highway is the value of the stone sculptures (sculptures, marbles, Pu mat, flax-Moto has carved doors, mi…) found in the excavations, 1904 of Parmentier and are complemented by the 1998 excavations of ancient Vietnam Academy of social nudity. Among the 100 items that beautiful, near-and attract the most attention of researchers is the human group as the Manager of the Brahma statue, the God, the goddess Shinva "Uma (wife Shinva spirit), spirit kept Dvarapala Temple dancer, Apsara, the marine Monster Makara and the statues, reliefs of animals: Hamsa God the God Garuda bird, goose spirit Naga, snake, Lion, Gaja0simha (elephant-lion head) … Some of the iconic and reliefs that H Parmentier obtained are currently being exhibited at the Museum of Champa sculpture, and this is the Group of artifacts can hardly disregard of any survey, cứa about the art of Champa, the highlight of the statues, reliefs fin in the Tower Chief Highway , as well as the audience, things found elsewhere expect Chief Justice Tower style is: while still echo phảng silhouette Son E1 style with elaborate framework of the lines, contours, vibrant sense of impromptu creativity of artisans, is for the statues and bas-reliefs come alive impressive and expressive, rich, crisp formation a new art style, unique which j. Boisselier and many researchers call "Primary style Highway". Cluster observations of the statue of linga-Yni Chanh Lo, beside the elaborately chiseled lines, elaborate, flush the seat layout, stringent rate, have seen appear where breast belt tension Yoni pedestal round, flourish, full of life. Statue of Dvaraala Temple, keeping the cuffed size to large double man, strong and willing in the ' guardian ', blending nicely with the strong dancers are expressing a wrecked by sa festivity. Imagine the marine Monster Makara depicted 1 monster with his cool mouth, teeth and jaw dropped to convex jagged, 2 sides of mouth is 2 people, a man, a woman. The fiercely against the duct back is located in the artistic harmony between the monster rampage, threatening, one side is the quiet, serenity's sneaker men with wings holding a Lotus flower which brought up his chest, and her man with delicate lines suggested those who admire many profound ideas about the struggle between good and evil; of the existence of shadow and light in every human, … The TOWER YANG PRONG Buon Ma Thuot city about 100 km to the West, the tower is located in Tambon Prong Rốk Ea Yang, district, Dak Lak Province is the tower only Champa on Plateau, is often called "the Great Spirit", has historic value with unique architecture. Looking back from a distance, the tower was the mysterious forest of Prong Yang old wrapped, the broad-sweep canopy cover to cool both monuments. The first feeling many people coming here to say the Tower has a stunning location, unspoiled landscape, nature remained intact, unlike those in the other provinces of Champa towers. The Tower Yang Prong was discovered in the early years of the twentieth century by a French Ethnologist named Henri Maitre. This scientist has survey description of building the Tower in the book Les Jungles Moi is relatively detailed. The base material, architecture and especially the ancient stream, the scientists confirmed the tower was King JAYA SIMHAVARMAN (CHE) built around the end of the century XIII, the period of development of the Champa on the Highlands, more than 700 years. According to local residents, then the Yang meaning "spirit", is the highest position "Prong", so Yang Prong is understood as "the Supreme God", "the Great Spirit". The Tower has a square architecture, built of brick, but the strange thing is that people don't find the grout or adhesive material between layers of brick. 9 m high tower, every wall wide 5 m, the area of the Palm Tower about 5 m 2, the Tower has a single door opening to the East, the three remaining walls face the door. The Tower Spire is formed by layers of bricks stacked shrunk gradually; in the background the Tower of làmbằng green ground slabs with various sizes. The BUDDHIST INSTITUTE of DONG DUONG-As published in 1901 by l. Finot, discovered in the Dong Duong 229 artifacts, including the famous bronze Buddha statue is higher than 1 m-one of the most ancient Buddha and on the type of the most beautiful in South East Asia. After the cheese out with Miss little Golden left, for over hundred years of Dong Duong completely sank in oblivion and today only left crumbling ruins scene due to the war and the bombs of the human assault. Ghost Tower in memories of the villagers from Ha Lam (district of Quang Nam province) on Highway 1A turns onto Highway about 12 km, then take the 14E by way of the village of approximately 400 m is to the ocean. The name relic known as the name of the village, before the French discover ever recorded in the South for President (North Korea) in the Quang Nam province: "the district rate of Ocean there are two towers located in the village of Dong Duong. The two towers separated 15 staff, there is a High Court of four staff, built the octagonal tiles on, under the square, each face a long staff. 40 staff have the old "background. The village of Dong Duong, now in North District, Binh Dinh Thang Township. National monuments are recognized since 2001 only two head along a wall plate guộc lean, cold clear supported four appearance, surrounded by the forest crop survey. "This is the front of the tower. The years of 1964-1965, Light towers intact, our children are playing in the tower. In 1967, the American bombs destroyed the Tower, only the head! "-says the tea Service, Secretary of the Council of the hamlet of Jin Yang, ever since. Ice beer-"identification plate" of the Ocean-stay tuned on land, were sunny rainy Vancouver for hundreds of years the main surface abrasive, just read the word in the two sides. May that when French scholars here can read the letters at the front of this beer! Light Tower intact in the excavation in 1902-images Of the ruins of the Central Health no amount of tiles United Kingdom Ian as much as in the Same Ocean. Throughout the extensive planting forests in ruins, all horizontal lines along the alley of the village of Dong Duong crushed red brick dense au, color tile's characteristic Take thousands of years ago. Opposite the Tower light is the Dark Tower, in the Centre, all now just rubble buried under trees. The name of the Tower, according to residents, due to the Tower there are many doors, Dark Tower also has only one door. The old days, according to elders of the tea Diếu, between the Dark Tower has a square well, when bòng drop down the well it will drift out of the square pond, an extensive Reservoir near 2ha. Hydraulic underground leaders still is unknown but the road connection from the main temples (Tower of Light, the Dark Tower and central tower) to the Square pond was the French archaeologist of the time references: "broad path, long 763m run to the East, to a Valley 300 feet long, wide rectangle 240 m". According to him, the Valley of Jin Tea that is the Square pond and path from the Buddhist Institute to be tiled ancients Square pond, still traces in a few paragraphs. Aging Diếu Tea for that area and the Square pond temples not much difference on the pitch, he gave his father's generation explores the underground leaders marine from Dark Tower to the Square pond was also brick. With the class person years adjacent green week as he, the monumental stature of Dong Duong is still bold in their memories. After you show me where is the trace into the Cabinet, the foreign capital are built brick solidly, he instructed me to Service the other ruins around the direction of the village which according to him: "his father called him past the robot guard tower, this tower is probably due to the small size of the tower. The nearest main tower area approximately 700-800 m, 1500 m, watch the way most remote ones. Have all eight of the Tower robot guards, there to four North Tower private… ". Diếu Tea that the aging Tower robot sentinels is the Tower of the shrine towns hold Buddhist Institute, the French zone also unearthed the robot sentinels took the statue and search of the treasure. Also in bold in the memories of elders Diếu Tea's gold from elephant rocks set where "Park" of the Buddhist Institute of Dong Duong: "it is the fifth University (1934), the new age 6, according to tui travel father considered the French pour water loads on the back hole in the elephant (the rock). In the most remote locations where water from the elephant runs out, they dig down, get the gold. The elephant that was carrying them gone, leaving only the elephant (Rock) males, there is no hole on the back, also to now… ". He Service still remember the helped of the statues were carrying spirits from Dong Duong in 1962, at up to 7. According to the description of Mr. Diếu, the French higher household 1, 14 m and the statue of the spirit 2, 15 m-stone statue of the "most beautiful and most valuable" only in the Ocean-was adapted into two rows of alternating with the "head lights" (by residents) along the sides of the road from the main tower outside. The elephant statue (stylized) side of the road to the village is the only stone statue of Dong Duong was retained by residents Both he and elders Diếu that the people they Tea-dominated capital in the village of Dong Duong today – is a descendant of the people who Take this land, the same senior living and married to the Vietnamese residents in opening the journey here on the South. However, was chosen as the capital but at the ocean and surrounding areas are adjacent to major rivers should land barren. Not until French archaeologists excavated and studied here, the ancient towers known Duong Dong is the ruins of a Buddhist monastery in the heart of the capital of Indrapura dynasty of Indrapura by King Indravarman II founded the year 875. Aging the tea Diếu said the time before the war, with local residents, what belonged to the Dong Duong ruins though are just bricks also sacred, no one dare to if do not want to be a God "his rebuke to a fine". Is the ultimate cult masters specialized in the release the "fine his rebuke" of the gods, he Diếu still remember clearly that the villagers face when taking brick in monuments about use. But no doubt after the war everything upside down by "the bomb broke the collapsed towers and, what's more sacred that scared!"-he savours Service. When that Same Ocean people comfortable taking about relic built in brick house, built barns, trailed by residents in several nearby villages. The villagers were digging collapsed, the Citadel ring both foreign with much longer paragraph quite superficial and many people left in search of treasure. In 1978, when digging in the Buddhist Institute, some people have found a bronze statues. Then the villagers decided to retain statues instead delivered to the functional sectors. Bronze statues, heavy 120kg, 14 m tall is the statue of Bodhisattva Lokesvara-the main statue of the Cathedral (in the Buddhist institution)-a national treasure. "Dig up people make cleft the Lotus to the left by the right hand of the statue in the Palm, the Lotus blooms only in intact left hand. The Lotus was then Township Governments retain for local, remains until now, been handed over every lifetime President… "-Mr. Service ever since. Two Fellow Islander treasures not lost: Buddha was the French 1901 excavation are currently on display at the Museum of CITY history. Statue of Bodhisattva Lokesvara also HCM, was placed in the Museum of Champa. golden rice fields around the ruins waiting for harvest. This is the first season of the village of Dong Duong get irrigation water from the Eastern dam building Practices. He Service do not hide the joy: "so from now most people eat rice shortage fears, welcome full said. Also welcome is on moderate advocates restoring monuments Council… ". A coincidence has predestined when the scientific workshop "conservation, promote the value of the Dong Duong Institute Buddha" was organised between Quang Nam province, 8-2011 is also the same soil in the Same basin at the Ocean is awakened after thousands of years bear the dry landscape. Restoration, embellished Copper relic when it was too late colon will see untold difficulties. But through workshops, some scientists believe that if the persistence implementation step by step still can do, moreover can search for the title of world heritage for this relic. Van Hoa Health altar decoration Trach in Van Thach Hoa (Toyota) location: Alcoholic Neighbor pagoda, Van Hoa Phong commune, Trach Hamlet, Phong Dien district, Thua Thien Hue province. Van Hoa is the generic name of the Trach, a complex of ruins Health architecture located in the hamlet, Hamlet Van Trach Hoa Pagoda Dunes, Phong Currency Phong Dien district. This architectural relic populations has been crumbling for years. The investigation report known ruins Van Hoa with some Scouts sculptures are included in the Parmenier. the "statistics and descriptions of Indigo in Central States" published 1919. In August 1999, the Institute of archaeology and the Museum of The synthesis was officially excavated. Van Hoa Trach is an overall great architectural ruins, including several major architectural works, the structures involved but this excavation stopped only on one of the buildings where the altar was discovered in 1991 and held the investigation, tracking a number of related architectural ruins. The excavation results did reveal three production buildings; restored peace map of the main buildings and two map extra tower to the North. About artifacts obtained: 1 the Empire millet altar; 2 altar; 3 piece carving of the elephant carvings, the head monk, two hand pieced together before the chest; 1 pedestal Yony-Linga; 2 pedestals Yony; 1 the stone plinth of the door; 2 block long cylindrical stones, four foot platform … in particular, there are four yellow metal artifacts, expanded, a flower-shaped piece 7 symmetric wings, 3 piece picture not clear. With using the existing architecture to know, can see this is the kind of religious architecture. Dating of the remains of a Van late Republic Trach centuries IX X century. The Tower of America Unveiling location: My Khanh, Phu, Phu Vang District Land, Thua Thien Hue province. Unveiling America Tower discovered on 18-4-2001. General Museum in Hue conducted training on detection 3-5-2001. On The 29-6-2001 of culture and information decision No. 1533/QÐ-BVHTT allows the Department of culture of Hue information in collaboration with the Institute of archaeology conducted the excavation from 5 to 21-9-2001. American Tower is in Unveiling the depth 5 m above the ground, within the white-sand coastal region, a rare position for the Health pyramid to be discovered and also exist on the territory of Vietnam. According to the experts, the Tower Take America Unveiling earlier in the Cham Towers currently, dating to determine according to the PPC14 of 750 +-40 years-VIII century. American Tower Khanh long, rectangular architecture 8, 22 m, width 7, 12 m, gusting to gradually shrink the upper Tower, the Tower of the dwarf in the art of Champa architecture. The Tower of America Unveiling was rated as national monuments under the decision No. 52/2001QÐ-BVHTT on 28-12-2001. THE TWIN TOWERS OF THE WILLOW. Location: Bau Hamlet, Huong Xuan Huong Tra district, Township, province of Thua Thien Hue province. The twin towers of the Willow Cup is a typical work of the Champa culture, existence is not intact. Look at the average map notice two twin towers, Tower a large Tower, a small Tower. The great Pyramid: nail Foot buried under the Earth, brick, partially determine the foundations of the tower. The height determined from Tower to copy cos cos start of nail foot is 4 m. Inside the Tower in the West also kept a piece of brick arcade top of the Tower, structural features in the architectural-religious-cultural Health. In addition to the Tower wall about forming concave, divided the main face of the tower into complementary systems. In the background the tower and brick wall, concrete tower bundle thickness of 1, 60 m, the area of the palm rest on the 9m2 Tower. Small Tower: construction machinery and materials like large Tower, the Tower remains about 7, 5 m 2. The twin towers of the Willow Cup built close together on two parallel East-West axis, the entrance to the Tower in the eastern city of Champa Tower Ten Vijaya suffered devastating human Cross Pagoda Tower Di Da is located in city Nhon method, The great wall, An Nhon town, Binh Dinh Province. According to the national highway from Qui Nhon off Quang Ngai province, through out the town Beating stone, Van Thuan bridge to have the path to the left about 200 m into the temple.
|The temple name "Cross Tower" was formerly on the Hill area has 10 towers, is located in the city of Vijaya by the Champa Kingdom of Champa. Where has bold yellow paint year of 500 near the Kingdom of Champa. Is the center of economy, culture, politics of ethnicity of Champa. Năm1471, Le Thanh ton army than the 250,000 people take to the beat, in which 100,000 Champa to go by waterway, 150,000 go by road. Le dynasty army occupied the town and then advanced on Appeal door Map Global Tea King wrong. I'm Po Kaprih led the team of warrior figurines including 5,000 people out for fighting but were defeated, King pulled the Whole Tea into the Map table. The Vijaya fell on 2 March in 1471, after four days of fighting. The King of Champa is the whole Tea captured and committed suicide on the way back. (05/03/Al) In my opinion, the Whole Tea next please King Chile only made guilt alone and let the people of Champa. On the way back to Nghe An, Full Tea suicide death. Le Thanh ton sai first cut Full Tea King suspended the boat and for the words "Whole Tea evil ngươn Champa Ancient genus". At least 60,000 more people were killed and 30,000 Champa as slaves for the Vietnamese army. The city Vijaya destroyed completely, people slaughtered bluff, in which 10 towers destroyed this. This is the bloodiest carnage of champa for đại việt. His family fled to champa, malacca (around 20,000 escaped by boat across the lagoon contest complaint, in which the King's tea table and la tea Indravarman ko lai (Pau liang). After this historic transformer primary many political immigrants who came to the Champa Malay land peacefully, some others to Melaka. Also in the convoy of refugees that is Champa King Tra the two princes, it is and Pau as said Liang Indravarman above. No evidence was found to prove coherence between Champa and Malay history is Al-kisah, 29 of which have recounted the story of a man named Champa Nakhoda Sayyid Ahmad did you same Hang Tuah (a very famous Hero in Malay history) and along came Inderapura (Pahang_Malaysia) to hide and Tun Teja to Melaka. Power Champa proved to be larger than the region of Pahang after the help of hero of Melaka fled Tun Teja. absence Nakhoda Champa's in Melaka and Pahang are proved by a facility certainly sought after in Al-kisah ke-34 talk about marriage between a princess in a tribe with Champa clan in Melaka. (according to the Sejarah Melayu Champa + Ban La Tra Toan memerintah di ibu kota Sri Vini (Sri Raja Than Ton). Setelah Kota Vijaya jatuh. Raja Champa pun mati terbunuh. Ota kejatuhanibu Dengan ini yang ramai politik Cham pelarian Vijaya menuju ke daerah Melayu yang selamatk, antara lain ke Melaka. Yang termasuk dalam pelarian itu ialah dua orang putera raja Champa, iaitu Indravarman dan Pau Liang di atas. Terdapat dalam Sejarah Melayu Gambaran tentang Champa Al-Kisah seorang yang ke29 yang menceritakan Nakhoda Champa bersahabat dengan Sayyid Ahmad bernama Hang Tuah pergi ke Inderapura (Pahang) untuk melarikan Tun Teja Ke Melaka. Berdasarkan jelas lebih besar fakta Champa Kekuatan daripada perahu Pahang hingga pahlawan Melaka menolong itu melarikan dapat continous Tun Teja. Kehadiran tokoh Nakhoda Champa di Melaka dan di Pahang dengan pedagang Champa wujudnya pula dihubungkan dapat continous di diceritakan oleh yang seperti Banten Sejarah Melayu dalam Al-Kisah perkahwinan menceritakan 34 ke-puteri seorang anak dengan seorang Champa keturunan pembesar Melaka.) about 30000 people fled to Laos and Cambodia after this bloody carnage. Le Thanh ton dissolved the Kingdom of Champa. Political capital, administration and religion of Northern Champa Kingdom. Vijaya was changed to Map table and banned the Champa to reside. It also happens the bloodiest purges of Nguyễn ánh with the Tay son revolt. This is still a stone "Guillotine" was winning foot Buddha Adi Da. Behind the pagoda remains a tower, known as Tower of introspection has been devastating human, the South Tower of the wing first temple is also present. The name "Di Da" is the title of the Buddha realms Catholic Poles. Di Da also means physical properties, the sight of them. Gather the meaning on, the family named the cross Tower Di Da. The temple Tower Cross family nest Di Da tied to location name stubs is Raw paint Anthem. Many of today's data, they said his order was a fixed Mural, the District of The Incense, Chaozhou, Guangdong, China. He was born in Mau Ty (1648), 19 year-old spice in Bao Quoc pagoda. In 1677, he followed the Chinese merchant boats to Phu Quy Ninh, Binh Dinh Province, now in the city of Quy Nhon about 28 km, building workshop am worship Buddha. Năm1683, the pagoda has stone tiles of 10 towers pouring champa erected the temple. The pagoda has undergone 16 lifetime excess with various teachers such as: Teacher teacher, Minh Ly Radically Willow, Zen master Phuoc Hue … Zen master Phuoc Hue was elected Professor Of. He was invited to preach in the Imperial Nguyen dynasty from The Thai King to King Bao Dai, and taught the Dharma in the Buddhist studies the way Lisa and (Hue) from 1935. From the outside, going along the outdoor shower to the temple gate, there are two square symbol based high, on the most recent two lion statues sit majestically, connect an arc, the top has two words "Cross Tower". After the port is broken screens, the long line code relief map placed on pedestal foot kneeling. The pagoda-style architecture of the word "Password"; include your main star, East of the road (the road), West (home) and the local staff. The main star power by Radical Willow to coincide in 1749 comments. The main star power today, the roof tiles on the roof has dual, Yin Yang long files. Your sanctuary decorated Buddha, statues of the Buddha That Freemasons worship Center, rear Romaine, Ca, A Nan; visit the bodhisattva Avalokiteśvara bodhisattva Tibet Geography and most recent two sides of your Buddha; the two statues placed Eight corpses Cliff La Shack, Power Cross Dongmyeong, French, engineer and Architect Ma Ni Fin Reaching Maximum Save Limbs. Most of the objects of worship were carved at the time the teacher Li Ming Abbot (1871-1889). The temple was the Lord Nguyen Phuc Chu ban plaque "the four Tower Cross Di Da" hanging between the main entrance of the main star power, the venerable Suite in 1821 engraving infection Hong. Great pink (cast in 1893) and large drums placed at either end of the corridor. The main power behind the stele has scored Excellent intelligent posts four Tower Cross Di Da bi Self renunciation by Ocean Sound Tu compiled, venerable Ming Li formed in 1876. The House is located behind the main throne thy cell method by the National Counsel of Phuoc Hue for built in 1924. Home Hive in the South, the main power and the succession of local staff, worship Anthem plateau and khai Jesus Abbot, monks and Buddhist followers too late and the public alike. Opposite the nest's lectures, there are wooden tables recording the song "the cross Tower Self Releases" by teaching A Secretariat Government of An Nhon Vo Khac Development composed in 1928, recording the history of the Enlightenment, the process of building and lineage of the family nest Tower Cross. In particular, the Temple also stored 2,000 woodcuts used in economic Momentum coming into Office, Mobile and online, France, the United States coming into Office Dharani lock notes … The Tripitaka because of the HA Tien Thien Desert Quartet donation also 1,200 book, law, language and reasoning. The Temple also preserves the Goryeo Tripitaka and the Tripitaka Taiwan.|
Garden Nest Tower is located in the North with an ancient tower 20 location of the humiliation and religious schools of the student in the temple. Behind the temple, there is the Tower of white tiger and the Tower Assembly. Temple of the cross Tower Di Da is the nest most prestigious family in the region. Rich Tower located on the coastal sandy land in Phu Phu Vang district, Scott, Tower of Champa was discovered, excavated in 2001 after centuries of being buried in the sand. This is one of the unique architecture of Champa, as monuments of great value in science, history, culture and tourism. To Phú Diên, follow the sea sand, Phú Diên Champa Tower ruins area showing the ancient tower with MOSS, remains to be covered carefully by an iron frame greenhouse, provoking many things about the culture of the ethnic Cham. The tower is located inland, the way the ground about 10 m, has a rectangular architectural East-West. Using the bottom layer of the long Tower 8, 22 m, width 7, 12 m, as high up as possible gusting shrinks progressively with the different sections: nail, foot towers, trunk and the neck frill varied roof … According to research results, the Tower belonging to the dwarf Tower Land Rich of Champa in the architectural art of Champa. This is the Tower Group beginning of religious architecture of Champa, before moving on to build sustainable material. With dating in the VIII century, the Tower architecture cluster Construction is considered Phu Champa dating from early in the history of Champa Tower architecture today. It is important to prove to the hyphen throughout the systematic development of the architectural nghệthuật of Champa Tower-a culture flourished. Located on the ancient lands of the considered residents of Champa, Champa Tower architecture cluster Construction has provided Rich add different insights as architectural materials, construction techniques, the decorative art of architecture … This is a fun destination for tourists, especially those who are interested in culture, sửChampa calendar. Here, you'll understand the uniqueness of the ancient tower and as affection offers talent hand of the artisan, the contours of digital art carved on bricks of the ancient Champa. Remnants of Champa Kingdom in Banning Jackfruit archaeologists recently unearthed in the Champa Kingdom Prohibited only di Jackfruit (Da Nang, Republic) and detected traces of a culture of health in the same brilliant temples, magnificent palaces buried thousands of years. The research group includes leading archaeological experts to Vietnam's national history museum and the Museum of Cham sculpture was on the Prohibited Jackfruit in the hamlet of cam in heaven (Hoa Phong commune, Hoa Vang district, Da Nang). They go in search of traces of the Kingdom of Champa was buried deep in the ground all spaces. The remains of 1,000 years archaeologists Nguyen Ngoc (National History Museum), said: "the people newspaper, discovered 6.2012 many cultural artifacts to take in a high mound known as Forbidden Fruit. We have to face and determine where it existed the magnificent temples buried thousands of years ". Three "goals" 500 m2 wide at the Forbidden Fruit was drawing very carefully, tents were erected. The coward first Hoe down very cautiously so as not to affect the artifacts buried underground. Diligence and caution has been rewarded. The foundations, walls, the Tower of the main Cathedral, tower gate, the tv station itself … the palatial along more than 600 ancient artifacts fade out under 2.5 m deep floor. A monument in the heart land of Forbidden Fruit to amaze archaeologists am Cham culture wall. The most mysterious is still sacred. Sacred Heart was built in the foundations of the Tower, the pits are built with bricks, broken land taluy neckties laterite clay, mix the resin plant. Layer on a ceramic tile, the pits are the bottom lined yellow sand scattered along grade shingle. Close the bottom placed two very thin piece of metal, grey-white sea sand coating. In the pit is also confused in glass beads and some small quartz rock.
|Scene of the excavations site Banned.|
Mr. Vo Van Thang, Director of the Museum of Cham sculpture, said: "this is the first time in the history of archaeology Vietnam, we have found one at up to three at a sacred Temple of Champa. This is very mysterious. And this is also the first time we find the Tympan (leaf) decorated with the iconic bird God Garuda. The artifacts unearthed at the Forbidden Fruit is rife with hidden numbers need more for many more years. " Expose a monarch Under the Museum of Cham sculpture, from about the 5th century to the 15th century had Vespers Kingdom of Champa (also known as Champa). In it, Lord Shiva was deified as the God of the country. Also, people Take longer to worship the God of Uroja. Uroja means "female breast" and be elevated views of the beliefs, rivaling the supreme deity. So in Quang Nam, after the rebirth into the folklore of this powerful deity, has returned with the name affectionately as. .. Ms. Nguyen Van Cuong, PHD. Director of National Museum of history, see: "the excavations and collecting this time was taken off the ground the extremely valuable artifacts and a stage where very prosperous Kingdom of Champa. Still too many gaps in the culture of health that we don't yet know. This excavation, after must further research could find out the brilliant culture of the Kingdom of Champa. Reveal Forbidden Fruit shows from 13-14 century, the Kingdom of Champa was very prosperous and powerful. Meanwhile, the Vietnamese people are again struggled against the Mongols invasion ".
|The Cham artifacts unearthed to bring messages of a culture existed under the Champa Kingdom.|
|The God of the ritual.|
Double bridge with the twin towers Around the year wrap tangerines as I am with her. The special thing made archaeologists could not explain was is at the Foundation of the temple was associated with an adhesive additives are very high. In it, people have used plastic and clay mixed with brick, laterite gravel or sand to build the weathering. Therefore, over time, but it's still the school exists despite being buried deep underground. Archaeologists said that the impact of the culture Take a brilliant even in the borderland (Forbidden Fruit was identified as the borderland of the Champa). These sediments were excavated unfolding a lot of issues about the process of living, the erotic, the wealthy and the creation of the country in flourishing. Accident theft of artifacts during excavations, archaeologists acknowledge that they were slow to the feet than the kẻđào theft of antiques. "When we conducted the excavations between the sacred has been từtrước, to break the back of the pit dug Red Earth and shattered tiles. Main square between being dug from the mouth floor "-a member of the archaeological group said. TS to know many of the relics were spade, theft. Not only in the Forbidden Fruit that in some places has also been spade. Mr. Cuong explains the very good at manipulating gold and jewelry objects, as objects for the Royal family. Caregivers also use gold in the the purpose of worship. "They even worshipped the Linga in gold, is worshipped in the sacred. In addition, the use of gold to cover except for the most in the temple excavations are also found, although more or less "-he says. Because the cover gold is a very special ritual of so many monuments of Champa were people digging thief to grab the gold. The process of research, scientists have conducted excavations on the 3 areas with many pits, the result did export the complete route traces the foundations of the temple area-3 architecture horizontal tower under the North-South axis, along the wall system, the main church tower, tower gate, the long House and the system path. The three main towers are the average map squares, and the special thing is that it was built that lasted for much of the period. In it, the Middle tower was built for scale and early, about 10-11 century. Two remaining tower was built between 13-14 century. This is one of the rare Champa Tower ruins are clarified using the main tower of the same tower gate, the long House. Reportedly, after almost 3 months of excavation, the researchers have collected more than 600 exhibits. Among them, there are 140 intact artifacts include stone artifacts, terracotta … In the current group of architectural ornament, first the researchers found the tympan (also known as leaf) showing the statue of the God Garuda birds floating in blocks look straight or households maintained, something not seen in the tympan is found in the ruins of the Champa.
|First spotted the bird God Garuda sculpture Tympan of Champa architecture|
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